Confronting dictatorship, democratization, and post-democratization—personal reflection on intellectual and social practices in the context of dictatorship, democratization and post-democratization
CHO Hee Yeon
This essay tries to trace the life trajectory of an intellectual, in terms of his intellectual and social practices, who wants to live through modern Korean history via progressive activism. The trajectory can be divided into three different stages: the first comes with the military developmental dictatorship in 1961, ending in 1987. The next is during the democratic transition since the Democratic Uprising in June 1987, which put the Korean society onto the road of democratization. The last one should be the so-called 'post-democratization' period in which we now find ourselves. This is more a story than an analysis of the progressive intellectual movement in the form of the personal recollections. The story is, however, not just about an individual but it is a window giving a glimpse into the larger trajectory that many progressive intellectuals have gone through, and that directly reflects the huge changes in contemporary history of South Korea, such as the interaction between the domination and social movements.
Dr Hee-Yeon Cho is the Professor of the NGO Graduate School and the director of the Democracy and Social Movements Institute (DaSMI), SungKongHoe University in Seoul, Korea. He is Co-Representative of the Korea Progressive Academy Council. He initiated the launch of the Master of Arts in Inter-Asia NGO Studies (MAINS) which was planned by SungKongHoe University and the Asia Regional Network for New Alternatives (ARENA). He has written many books, including Social Movement and Organizations in South Korea, Democracy and Social Movements in South Korea, the State, Democracy and the Political Change in South Korea, Park Chung-Hee and the Developmental Dictatorship and so on.