A study of the development of contemporary monasteries in Taiwan
SHIH Chih Ming and KAO Hsiao Chien (Translated by Robert E. JOHANSON)
ABSTRACT This study investigates the modernization of Buddhist Monasteries that illustrated with three famous monasteries in Taiwan, Fo Guang Shan, Ten Directions Monastery, and Chung Tai Chan Temple. By these three case studies, on one hand, we could compare them with the traditional Buddhist architecture; on the other hand, we could also observe whether the space form and building style of Buddhist architecture had adjusted, transformed or even changed accordingly as a whole while the Buddhist monasteries in Taiwan were facing the modernization of Buddhism at the timing of modernization from the historical point of view.
KEYWORDS: modernization of Monasteries; Fo Guang Shan; Ten Directions Monastery; Chung Tai Chan Temple; style of monasteries; Chinese style
Chih Ming Shih is a professor of Department of Architecture at the National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, in Taipei, Taiwan. His research interest in architectural design studio, contemporary architecture criticism, Digital architectural design thinking.
Hsiao Chien Kao is the Ph.D of Department of Architecture at the National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, in Taipei. Her research interests include contemporary architectural thoughts, especially on the modernity of architecture.
Robert E. Johanson is an assistant professor of Department of Applied Foreign Languages at the National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, in Taipei, Taiwan. His research field is about the pedagogy of research method and translation.