City and desire in Indonesian cinema
ABSTRACT This article examines the ways in which desire in/for the city is projected in contemporary Indonesian cinema in comparison to the authoritarian New Order period (1965-1998). Despite the government’s visual investment to project the image of a unified, stable, and modern nation, filmmakers of the New Order period sought ways to capture ‘national reality’ that was incongruous to the official version of national ideals by portraying the urban space, particularly Jakarta, as a site of social/economic disjuncture and moral contradiction produced by Suharto’s developmentalist paradigm. The post-New Order era is characterized by the emergence of a new generation of filmmakers whose cinematic imaginations were shaped by the promises of political reform, the global flows of images and capital, and the dissolving image of a coherent nation. Whereas the previous generation treated subjects who pursue their desire in the city with suspicion, contemporary Indonesian filmmakers embrace the city and the production of various forms of desire: sexual desire, desire for consumption, and desire to reclaim the space. This article further discusses ‘coming out within the closet’ as a spatial strategy that reveals the agency of new urban subjects on the one hand, and, on the other, the defining limits in which such agency could be fully articulated.
KEYWORDS: Indonesia, film, urban space, desire, nation
Intan Paramaditha is an Indonesian fiction writer and a Ph.D. candidate at the Department of Cinema Studies, New York University. Her writings on cinema appear in, among others, Jump Cut, Asian Cinema, Criticine, Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures, and Dictionnaire
des femmes créatrices (forthcoming). She is currently writing her dissertation on film culture and sexual politics in post-Suharto Indonesia.